This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.


Events

  • 1227 Count Ugolino of Segna elected Pope Gregory IX
  • 1279 A Mongolian victory at the naval Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China
  • 1452 Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Nicholas V in Rome
  • 1524 Giovanni de Varrazano, a Florentine explorer in the service of King Francis I of France, lands around area of Carolinas
  • 1540 Court of Holland names Amsterdam sheriff John Hubrechtsz a "heretic"
  • 1563 Peace of Amboise: Rights for Huguenots
  • 1571 Spanish troops occupy Manila
  • 1628 Massachusetts Bay Colony granted land by England
  • 1644 200 members of Peking imperial family and court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor
  • 1682 Nationally Council accept independence of French church
  • 1687 Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men
  • 1702 James II's daughter Anne Stuart becomes Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland following the death of William III [O.S. 8 March]
  • 1748 Naturalization Act passes granting Jews right to colonize North American colonies
  • 1775 4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
  • 1775 Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement
  • 1799 Joseph Haydn's "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna
  • 1803 Friedrich Schiller's "Die Braut von Messina" premieres in Weimar
  • 1808 Charles IV, king of Spain, abdicates after riots and a popular revolt at the winter palace Aranjuez. His son, Ferdinand VII, takes the throne
  • 1812 The first Spanish constitution is enacted, one of the earliest constitutions ever promulgated
  • 1822 Boston, Massachusetts incorporated as a city
  • 1831 1st US bank robbery, the City Bank in New York robbed of $245,000
  • 1859 Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris
  • 1861 The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand
  • 1863 Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • 1864 Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
  • 1865 Battle of Bentonville, Confederates retreat from Greenville North Carolina
  • 1866 Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
  • 1870 The opera "Guarany" premieres in Milan
  • 1877 Australia beat England by 45 runs in very first Test match
  • 1880 42nd Grand National: Tommy Beasley aboard Irish 8/1 chance Empress wins by 2 lengths from defending champion The Liberator
  • 1882 1st stone laid for the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona
  • 1883 Jan Matzeliger invents first machine to manufacture entire shoes
  • 1892 3 brothers Hearne play in same Test Cricket England v South Africa (Cape Town)
  • 1895 Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
  • 1906 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's "Quattro Rusteghi" premieres in Munich
  • 1907 18.8 cm precipitation at Lewer's Ranch, Nevada (state record)
  • 1910 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Adelaide: Rodney Heath wins his 2nd and last Australasian title; beats fellow Australian Horace Rice 6-4, 6-3, 6-2
  • 1911 1st International Women's Day sees over 1 million men and women attend rallies in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. Issues discussed included women's right to vote and to hold public office, the right to work, to vocational training and an end to discrimination on the job.
  • 1914 Stanley Cup, Arena Gardens, Toronto ON: Toronto HC (NHA) defeat Victoria Aristocrats (PCHA), 2-1 for a 3-0 series sweep; final series of the "challenge" era
  • 1915 Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
  • 1917 US Supreme Court uphoelds 8-hr work day for railroad employees
  • 1918 US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time
  • 1918 S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
  • 1920 US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
  • 1921 Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded
  • 1927 Bloody battles between communists & nazis in Berlin
  • 1928 "Amos & Andy" debuts on radio (NBC Blue Network-WMAQ Chicago)
  • 1930 Nakagawa Soen accepted as a student of Katsube Keigaku Roshi
  • 1931 Nevada legalizes gambling
  • 1932 The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened
  • 1937 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
  • 1937 Astronomer Fritz Zwicky publishes his research on stellar explosion in which he coins the term "supernova" and hypothesizes that they were the origin of cosmic rays
  • 1937 96th Grand National: With King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in attendance, aptly-named Royal Mail ridden by jockey Evan Williams wins at odds of 100/6; estimated crowd, 300,000
  • 1938 Toronto Maple Leafs score 8 goals in 5 minutes
  • 1940 Failed British air raid on German base at Sylt
  • 1941 Jimmy Dorsey & orchestra record "Green Eyes" & "Maria Elena"
  • 1942 Thoroughbred Racing Association of US formed in Chicago
  • 1943 Airship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks
  • 1943 British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
  • 1943 Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard
  • 1944 Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
  • 1945 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan
  • 1945 British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
  • 1945 US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
  • 1946 French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique & Reunion become overseas "departments" of France
  • 1946 Nikolai Mikhailovich Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR
  • 1947 Belgian government of Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms
  • 1948 Lee Savold KOs Gino Buonvino in 54 seconds at Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • 1949 1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • 1950 City College of NY defeats Bradley to win the NIT
  • 1951 Herman Wouk's "Caine Mutiny" published
  • 1954 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • 1954 1st rocket-driven sled on rails tested in Alamogordo, NM
  • 1954 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • 1954 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • 1954 Weekes, Worrell & Walcott complete centuries in innings for the West Indies v England
  • 1955 17th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: SF beats La Salle 77-63
  • 1956 Biggest NBA margin of victory - Minn Lakers-133, St Louis Hawks-75
  • 1957 Indians reject Boston's offer of $1 million for Herb Score
  • 1958 Gary Sobers completes a century in each innings for WI vs. Pakistan
  • 1959 "1st Impressions" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 84 performances
  • 1960 "Redhead" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 455 performances
  • 1960 22nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Ohio State beats California 75-55
  • 1962 "All American" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 80 performances
  • 1962 Archbishop Suenens of Mechelen-Brussels appointed cardinal
  • 1965 Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies
  • 1965 Rembrandt's "Titus" sells for then record 7,770,000 guilders
  • 1965 Stoica becomes president & Ceausescu party leader of Romania
  • 1965 The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000, said to have been most powerful Confederate cruiser, discovered by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence exactly 102 years after its destruction.
  • 1966 "Poussé Cafe" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 3 performances
  • 1966 28th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Texas Western beats Ky 72-65
  • 1966 Belgium government of Vanden Boeynants begins
  • 1967 French Somaliland (Djibouti) votes to continue association with France
  • 1968 Howard University, Washington, D.C., students seize administration building
  • 1969 British invade Anguilla
  • 1969 Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention
  • 1969 The 385 metre tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, United Kingdom, collapses due to ice build- up.
  • 1970 W German chancellor & E German premier meet
  • 1971 Philadelphia 76ers outscore Cincinnati Royals 90-8 in 1 half
  • 1972 1st AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Immaculata beats West Chester State 52-48 in Normal
  • 1972 "To Live Another Summer" closes at Helen Hayes NYC after 173 performances
  • 1972 India & Bangladesh sign friendship treaty
  • 1972 LA Lakers beat Golden State Warriors, 162-99, by then record 63 pts
  • 1973 Dean tells Nixon, "There is a cancer growing on the Presidency"
  • 1974 Jefferson Starship begins their 1st tour
  • 1975 "Dr Jazz" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 1975 Pennsylvania is 1st state to allow girls to compete with boys in HS sports
  • 1977 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1977 Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.33)
  • 1978 50,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against neutron bomb
  • 1978 PGA Tournament Players Championship, Sawgrass CC: Jack Nicklaus wins his 3rd TPC title, 1 stroke ahead of Lou Graham; 4th straight start for Nicklaus that ends with a top-2 finish
  • 1979 US House of Representatives begins live TV broadcasts via C-SPAN
  • 1981 -21] Emmy 8th Daytime Awards - Susan Lucci loses for 2nd time
  • 1981 2 workers killed in space shuttle Columbia accident
  • 1981 Buffalo Sabres beat Toronto Maple Leafs 14-4
  • 1982 National Guard jet tanker crashes killing 27
  • 1982 Falklands War: Argentinian forces land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war with the U.K.
  • 1984 John J O'Connor named 8th archbishop of New York
  • 1984 KSD-AM in St Louis MO changes call letters to KUSA
  • 1984 Mobil oil tanker spills 200,000 gallons into Columbia River
  • 1984 MLB Pitcher Denny McLain indicted on charges of racketeering
  • 1984 STS 41-C vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1985 "Spin Magazine" begins publishing
  • 1985 NSW wins cricket Sheffield Shield by beating Queensland by 1 wicket
  • 1985 US Senate votes 55-45 to authorize production of the MX "Peacekeeper" intercontinental ballistic missile
  • 1987 Fred Currey acquires Greyhound Bus Company
  • 1987 Hassanali inaugurated as president of Trinidad & Tobago
  • 1987 American televangelist Jim Bakker resigns amid rape accusation by his secretary, Jessica Hahn
  • 1987 Yvonne van Gennip skates ladies world record 3 km (4:16.85)
  • 1988 2 British soldiers lynched in Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1988 Yvonne van Gennip skates un-official world record 10 km (15:25.25)
  • 1989 Boeing V-22 Osprey VTOL aircraft makes maiden flight
  • 1989 Ice Dance Championship at Paris won by M Klimova & S Ponomarenko (USSR)
  • 1989 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by E Gordeeva & S Grinkov (USSR)
  • 1989 Lori Garbacz wins Circle K LPGA Golf Open Tucson
  • 1989 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Kurt Browning (CAN)
  • 1989 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Midori Ito (Japan)
  • 1989 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Tom Kite wins the title in gusty conditions, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Chip Beck
  • 1990 1st world ice hockey tournament for women held (Ottawa)
  • 1991 KC Royals announce they are putting Bo Jackson on waivers
  • 1991 Sacramento Kings set NBA record of 29 consecutive road loses
  • 1991 Gorbachev says the Soviet Union will cut its oil exports by nearly half
  • 1992 "Master Builder" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 45 performances
  • 1992 Britain's Prince Andrew & Sarah, Duchess of York, announce separation
  • 1993 Ice Dance Championship in Prague won by M Usova & A Zhulin (RUS)
  • 1993 Ice Pairs Championship in Prague won by I Brasseur & L Eisler (CAN)
  • 1993 US Supreme Court Justice Byron R White announced plans to retire
  • 1994 2,500 kilograms of cocaine intercepted in Zeewolde, Netherlands
  • 1994 Lara scores 167 for WI v England at Georgetown
  • 1994 Largest omelette (1,383sq ft) made with 160,000 eggs in Yokohama, Japan
  • 1994 NJ Devils club record 41st win of the season
  • 1995 "Translations" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 25 performances
  • 1995 "Uncle Vanya" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 29 performances
  • 1995 5 die by poison gas in Japanese subway
  • 1995 Arizona outside of Phoenix begins using new telephone area code 520
  • 1995 Bonnie Blair skates female world record point total (156.450)
  • 1995 Finnish Social Democratic Party wins parliamentary election
  • 1995 Laura Davis wins LPGA Standard Register PING Golf Tournament
  • 1995 NBA NY Knicks beat NY Nets in 100th meeting (Knicks 53 Nets 47)
  • 1995 Neil Marshall skates world record 3 km (3:54.08)
  • 1997 Ice Pairs won by Mandy Woetzel & Ingo Steuer (GER)
  • 1997 Major League Baseball announces 5 year/$50M deal with Pepsi
  • 1997 US Supreme Court hears Internet indecency arguments
  • 1998 "Ah Wilderness!" opens at Vivian Beaumont theater
  • 2001 The Bank of Japan issued a monetary policy known as quantitative easing, which stimulated the Japanese economy after the burst of the dot-com bubble.
  • 2002 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities
  • 2004 A truck and a bus crash head-on in Äänekoski, Finland. 24 people are killed and 13 injured.
  • 2004 A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Russian MiG-15 in the 1950s is finally recovered after years of work. The remains of the crew are left in place, pending further investigations.
  • 2004 Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country's presidential election on March 20.
  • 2005 Wales beats Scotland, 32-20 at Millennium Stadium, Cardiff to win Six Nations Rugby Championship; becomes first team ever to complete a Grand Slam playing more games away than at home
  • 2008 GRB 080319B: A cosmic burst that is the farthest object visible to the naked eye is briefly observed
  • 2011 Despite a final round 24-8 defeat to Ireland at the new Aviva Stadium in Dublin, England wins the Six Nations Rugby Championship courtesy of their opening 4 straight victories
  • 2012 Wendy's overtakes Burger King to become the second best-selling hamburger chain
  • 2013 27 people are killed and 14 are injured in a bus crash in Maharashtra, India
  • 2013 16 people are killed by mudslides in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 2013 NASA's Mars rover Curiosity discovers further evidence of water-bearing minerals
  • 2014 Russia captures the Ukrainian naval base in Sevastopol
  • 2014 Israel sends airforce against Syrian military units involved in an attack yesterday on an Israeli patrol in the Golan Heights
  • 2016 England beats France 31-21 at Stade de France, Paris to claim Six Nations Rugby Championship; secure their first Grand Slam since 2003; Owen Farrell with 7 goals, England's 2nd-highest points scorer behind Jonny Wilkinson

Births

  • 1434 Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1443)
  • 1488 Johannes Magnus, last Catholic Archbishop of Sweden (d. 1544)
  • 1503 Benedetto Varchi, Italian humanist/historian (Storia Fiorentina)
  • 1593 Georges de la Tour, French painter
  • 1601 Alonzo Cano, Spanish painter/sculptor (Cathedral Granada)
  • 1604 Johan IV, composer/king of Portugal (1640-56)
  • 1610 Hasegawa Tohaku, Japanese painter
  • 1629 Aleksei M Romanov, 1st Romanov tsar of Russia
  • 1673 Pedro Vaz Rego, Portuguese composer and poet, born in Campo Maior, Portugal (d. 1736)
  • 1684 Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1715 Charles-Joseph van Helmont, composer
  • 1721 Tobias Smollett, Scottish writer, baptized
  • 1728 Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen, Flemish (court)painter
  • 1734 Thomas McKean, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence) [or Apr 19]
  • 1739 Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (d. 1824)
  • 1740 Johann Georg Roser, composer
  • 1740 Joseph F Weigl, German/Austrian(?), violin cellist
  • 1742 Zacharias H Alewijn, Dutch literary/poet
  • 1742 Tupac Amaru II, Incan revolutionary (d. 1781)
  • 1745 Nicolas Sejan, composer
  • 1749 Princess Louisa Anne of Wales (d. 1768)
  • 1752 Jose Mauricio, composer
  • 1767 Leonhard von Call, composer
  • 1777 Anton R Falck, Dutch minister of Education/diplomat
  • 1778 Edward Pakenham, British general (d. 1815)
  • 1785 Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume Zimmermann, composer
  • 1809 Fredrik Pacius, composer
  • 1816 Johannes Josephus Hermanus Verhulst, composer
  • 1817 Lewis Henry Little, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • 1819 David Henry Williams, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania (d. 1891)
  • 1821 Francis Barretto Spinola, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Old Field, New York (d. 1891)
  • 1821 William Allingham, Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Irish poet (The Fairies, Laurence Bloomfield in Ireland)
  • 1823 Cornelis A van Sypesteyn, Dutch governor of Surinam (1873-82)
  • 1823 Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria d. 1914
  • 1827 Alexander Shaler, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Haddam, Connecticut (d. 1911)
  • 1829 Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (d. 1901)
  • 1837 Robert Daniel Johnston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1919)
  • 1844 Minna Canth, Finland, playwright (The Pastor's Family) and social activist
  • 1845 Willem H de Beaufort, Dutch historian/politician
  • 1847 Constantin Dimitrescu, composer
  • 1849 Alfred von Tirpitz, German World War I Admiral (d. 1930)
  • 1851 Roque Saenz Pena, President of Argentina (1910-14)
  • 1851 William Henry Stark, American business leader (d. 1936)
  • 1861 Lomer Gouin, Quebec politician (d. 1929)
  • 1864 Charles Marion Russell, American artist (d. 1926)
  • 1865 William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist, myrmecologist, pioneer in ethology (d. 1937)
  • 1871 Joseph McGinnity, baseball pitcher (NY Giants), born in Rock Island, Illinois
  • 1871 Schofield Haigh, cricketer ("Sunshine of the Yorkshire 11")
  • 1872 Sergei Diaghilev, Gruzino Novgorod Russia, ballet director
  • 1872 Anna Held, Polish-born French actress and singer (A Parisian Model), born in Warsaw (d. 1918)
  • 1873 Max Reger, German composer, pianist and professor (Leipzig Univ), born in Brand, Bavarian Empire (d. 1916)
  • 1873 Arthur Hoyt, American actor and director (Gold Dust Gertie, Goldie Get Along), born in Georgetown, Colorado (d. 1953)
  • 1879 Joseph Haas, German (opera)composer (Tobias Wunderlich)
  • 1882 Gaston Lachaise, American sculptor (Standing Woman), born in Paris, France (d. 1935)
  • 1883 Josef Matthias Hauer, composer
  • 1883 Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China)
  • 1888 Josef Albers, German/US graphic artist/painter/writer (Bauhaus)
  • 1888 Léon Scieur, Belgian cyclist (d. 1969)
  • 1889 Manoel II, last king of Portugal (1908-10)
  • 1892 Robert Denzler, composer
  • 1892 Siegfried T Bok, neurobiologist/anatomist (Cybernetica)
  • 1892 James Van Fleet, American general (d. 1992)
  • 1894 Jackie "Moms" Mabley, Brevard SC, comedienne (Merv Griffin Show)
  • 1897 Betty Compson, American actress (Big City, Docks Of New York), born in Beaver, Utah (d. 1974)
  • 1897 Liam O'Flaherty, Irish writer, born in Inishmore, Aran Islands (d. 1984)
  • 1900 [Jean] Frederic Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1935)
  • 1901 Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart, Dutch Min of Justice (Nobel 1954)
  • 1901 Jo Mielziner, set designer (Carousel, Death of a Salesman), born in Paris, France
  • 1903 Benjamin M Telders, president of Dutch Liberal States Party
  • 1903 James Bullock, colliery manager
  • 1904 Tadeusz Zygfryd Kassern, Polish composer and cultural attache, born in Lviv, Poland (d. 1957)
  • 1906 Normand Lockwood, composer
  • 1907 Elizabeh LeFanu Maconochy, composer
  • 1907 Kent Smith, American actor (Peyton Place, Invaders), born in NYC, New York (d. 1985)
  • 1907 Marc Vaubourgoin, composer
  • 1907 Nakagawa Soen, Formosa, Zen teacher (Rinzai line)
  • 1909 Louis Hayward, British-American actor (Lone Wolf, Survivors), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1985)
  • 1909 Attilio Demaria, Argentinian footballer (d. 1990)
  • 1910 Sergei Nikolayevich Anokhin, cosmonaut
  • 1910 Joseph F. Carroll, US Air Force Lt. Gen. and Founding Director, Defense Intelligence Agency (d. 1991)
  • 1911 Kenneth Robinson, politician/businessman
  • 1912 Adolf Galland, fighter Pilot
  • 1912 Russ Case, Hamburg Iowa, orchestra leader (Julius La Rosa Show)
  • 1913 William Chatterton, cricketer (48 in only Test for England 1892)
  • 1914 Fred Clark, American actor (Burns & Allen, Auntie Mame, Hazard), born in Lincoln, California (d. 1968)
  • 1914 J Jay Berwanger, 1st Heisman Trophy winner (1935)
  • 1914 Patricia Morison, American actress (Peyton Place, Dressed to Kill, Kiss Me, Kate The King and I), born in NYC, New York
  • 1914 Leonidas Alaoglu, Greek-Canadian mathematician (d. 1981)
  • 1915 Norman Yardley, English cricket captain (late 40's)
  • 1915 Robert G. Cole, American Paratrooper of the 101st, 502nd division (d. 1944)
  • 1916 Irving Wallace, author (People's Almanac, The Man) [or Mar 18]
  • 1916 Eric Christmas, British actor (d. 2000)
  • 1917 Dino Lipatti, composer
  • 1917 Laszlo Szabo, Hungarian chess player (d. 1998)
  • 1919 Cornelis Berkhouwer, Member of 2nd chamber (Dutch Liberal Party)
  • 1919 Lennie Tristano, American jazz pianist (The New Tristano), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1978)
  • 1920 Tige Andrews, American character actor (Mod Squad, The Detectives Starring Robert Taylor), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (d. 2002)
  • 1921 Tommy Cooper, British comedian and magician (d. 1984)
  • 1923 Janine Dacosta, French pianist
  • 1923 Henry Morgentaler, Canadian gynecologist
  • 1924 Mary Wimbush, British actress (Oh! What a Lovely War, The Archers), born in Kenton, Middlesex, England (d. 2005)
  • 1925 Brent Scowcroft, Lt Gen (USAF)/National Security Council, born in Ogden, Utah
  • 1928 Clive Van Ryneveld, cricketer (South African all-rounder 1951-58)
  • 1928 Patrick McGoohan, American-born Irish actor, writer, and director (The Prisoner, Secret Agent/ Danger Man), born in Queens, New York (d. 2009)
  • 1928 Hans Küng, Swiss theologian
  • 1928 Alam Thomas "Tom" Paley, American folk musician (New Lost City Ramblers), born in NYC, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1929 Herman van San, composer
  • 1929 Robert Muczynski, composer
  • 1930 Bill Henderson, American jazz singer (Torpedo-Dreams), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Gay Robert Brewer, Middletwon OH, PGA golfer (1972 Canadian)
  • 1933 Philip Roth, American novelist (Goodbye Columbus, Portnoy's Complaint), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1933 Renee Taylor [Wexler], American actress (Jack Paar Show, Mary Hartman, The Nanny), born in NYC, New York
  • 1935 Burt Metcalfe, Saskatchewan Canada, actor/dir (Father of the Bride)
  • 1935 Phyllis Newman, actress (Coming of Age, TW3), born in Jersey City, New Jersey
  • 1936 Amancio D'Silva, musician
  • 1936 Ursula Andress, Swiss model, actress and sex symbol (Dr. No, Casino Royale, She, Sensuous Nurse), born in Ostermundigen, Switzerland
  • 1936 Ben Lexcen, Australian yacht designer (Australia II 1983 America's Cup), born in Boggabri, Australia (d. 1988)
  • 1936 Birthe Wilke, Danish singer
  • 1937 Clarence "Frogman" Henry, American pianist and singer (Ain't Got No Home), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1937 Egon Krenz, former East German folitician and last communist leader of East Germany (1989), born in Kolberg, Nazi Germany
  • 1939 Abbas Ali Baig, cricketer (Indian bat 112 on debut v England 1959)
  • 1939 Joe Kapp, NFL quarterback (Minnesota Vikings, Boston Patriots, Houston Oilers)
  • 1941 Lord Vestey, British food magnate/billionaire (Union International)
  • 1942 David Minge, (Rep-D-Minnesota)
  • 1942 Jeff Neighbour, US bassist (Joy of Cooking)
  • 1942 Robin Luke, rocker (Susie Darlin')
  • 1943 Mario J. Molina, Mexican chemist and 1995 Nobel laureate (Antarctic ozone hole), born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1943 Mario Monti, Italian politician
  • 1943 Vern Schuppan, Australian racing driver
  • 1944 Joseph Celli, composer
  • 1944 Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, LBJ's daughter
  • 1944 Myung-Wha Chung, Seoul Korea, cellist (Chung Trio)
  • 1944 Said Musa, Prime Minister of Belize
  • 1944 Sirhan Sirhan, Palestinian-born assassin
  • 1945 Lisa Nicole Baker, American Playboy playmate (Nov 1966, Playmate of the Year 1967), born in Detroit, Texas
  • 1945 Stefanos Kiriakidis, Greek actor
  • 1946 Bigas Luna, director/writer (Anguish)
  • 1946 Mohammad Ilyas, cricketer (Pakistani batsman in ten Tests 1964-69)
  • 1946 Paul Atkinson, British rock guitarist and record company executive (The Zombies-Never Even Thought), born in Cuffley, Hertfordshire (d. 2004)
  • 1946 Ruth Pointer, singer (Pointer Sisters-I'm So Exicted)
  • 1947 Earlie Fires, jockey (Hialeah Park)
  • 1947 Glenn Close, American actress (The Big Chill, Fatal Attraction), born in Greenwich, Connecticut
  • 1947 John Beckwith, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • 1947 Vince Martino, WLAF offensive asst (Barcelona Dragons), born in Schenectady, New York
  • 1947 Marinho Peres, Brazilian football player
  • 1948 Vintcent Van der Bijl, Natal cricket bowler (superb 2m of 70's & 80's)
  • 1949 Denny Albee, American actor (Dr Janssen-One Life to Live), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • 1951 Derek Longmuir, Scottish rock drummer (Bay City Rollers), born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1952 Warren Lees, NZ cricket wicket-keeper (late 70's)
  • 1953 Billy Sheehan, rocker (Mr Big-Lean Into It)
  • 1953 Hans Rinn, German DR, 2 man lugist (Olympic gold 1976, 80)
  • 1953 Ricky Wilson, rock guitarist (B-52's-Love Shack), born in Athens, Georgia
  • 1954 Charles Pinnell, horse trainer
  • 1954 Indu Shahani, Indian educationist and Sheriff of Mumbai
  • 1956 Alina Castro, Havanna Cuba, daughter of Fidel
  • 1956 Yegor Gaidar, Russian politician and economist.
  • 1957 Blake Passey, horse trainer
  • 1959 Terry Hall, English musician (Specials, Fun Boy 3), born in Coventry
  • 1959 Shelley Burch, actress (One Life to Live, Identity Crisis), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1960 Roy Roberts, American actor (Petticoat Junction, Lucy Show), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 1975)
  • 1961 Jos Lansink, Dutch-Belgian equestrian
  • 1962 Ivan Calderón, Puerto Rican baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1962 Jim Korderas, American professional wrestling referee
  • 1964 Yoko Kanno, Japanese composer
  • 1964 Jake Weber, British actor
  • 1964 Barbara Lynch, American restaurateur (The Barbara Lynch Gruppo), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1966 Paul Devenport, New Zealand, Canadian Tour golfer (1991 Texas Tour)
  • 1966 Andy Sinton, English footballer
  • 1966 James "Big Jim" Wright, American record producer
  • 1967 Vladimir Konstantinov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1968 Liam Jewell, kayaker (Olympics 1996), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1968 Tyrone Hill, American NBA forward (Cleveland Cavaliers, Milwaukee Bucks), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1968 Mots'eoa Senyane, Lesotho diplomat
  • 1969 Arjan Vermeulen, soccer player (Vitesse)
  • 1969 Michael Bergin, model (Coca Cola)/actor
  • 1969 Scott Alexander Brownlee, New Zealand coxless rower (Olympics 1996), born in Hamilton, New Zealand
  • 1969 Gary Jules, American singer and songwriter
  • 1969 Connor Trinneer, American actor
  • 1970 Errol Refos, soccer player (Feyenoord)
  • 1970 Janne Laukenen, Lahti FIN, NHL defenseman (Finland Olympic bronze 1998, Senators)
  • 1970 Rick Mirer, NFL quarterback (Seattle Seahawks, Chicago Bears)
  • 1970 Sean Fleming, CFL kicker (Edmonton Eskimos)
  • 1971 Cory Fleming, NFL wide receiver (Dallas Cowboys)
  • 1971 Dalton James, actor (My Father the Hero, Mark-Beverly Hills 90201)
  • 1971 Kirk Botkin, NFL tight end (New Orleans Saints, Pittsburgh Steelers)
  • 1971 Louie Debrusk, Cambridge, NHL left wing (Edmonton Oilers)

Deaths

    • 1227 Count Ugolino of Segna elected Pope Gregory IX
    • 1279 A Mongolian victory at the naval Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China
    • 1452 Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Nicholas V in Rome
    • 1524 Giovanni de Varrazano, a Florentine explorer in the service of King Francis I of France, lands around area of Carolinas
    • 1540 Court of Holland names Amsterdam sheriff John Hubrechtsz a "heretic"
    • 1563 Peace of Amboise: Rights for Huguenots
    • 1571 Spanish troops occupy Manila
    • 1628 Massachusetts Bay Colony granted land by England
    • 1644 200 members of Peking imperial family and court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor
    • 1682 Nationally Council accept independence of French church
    • 1687 Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men
    • 1702 James II's daughter Anne Stuart becomes Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland following the death of William III [O.S. 8 March]
    • 1748 Naturalization Act passes granting Jews right to colonize North American colonies
    • 1775 4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
    • 1775 Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement
    • 1799 Joseph Haydn's "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna
    • 1803 Friedrich Schiller's "Die Braut von Messina" premieres in Weimar
    • 1808 Charles IV, king of Spain, abdicates after riots and a popular revolt at the winter palace Aranjuez. His son, Ferdinand VII, takes the throne
    • 1812 The first Spanish constitution is enacted, one of the earliest constitutions ever promulgated
    • 1822 Boston, Massachusetts incorporated as a city
    • 1831 1st US bank robbery, the City Bank in New York robbed of $245,000
    • 1859 Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris
    • 1861 The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand
    • 1863 Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
    • 1864 Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
    • 1865 Battle of Bentonville, Confederates retreat from Greenville North Carolina
    • 1866 Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
    • 1870 The opera "Guarany" premieres in Milan
    • 1877 Australia beat England by 45 runs in very first Test match
    • 1880 42nd Grand National: Tommy Beasley aboard Irish 8/1 chance Empress wins by 2 lengths from defending champion The Liberator
    • 1882 1st stone laid for the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona
    • 1883 Jan Matzeliger invents first machine to manufacture entire shoes
    • 1892 3 brothers Hearne play in same Test Cricket England v South Africa (Cape Town)
    • 1895 Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
    • 1906 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's "Quattro Rusteghi" premieres in Munich
    • 1907 18.8 cm precipitation at Lewer's Ranch, Nevada (state record)
    • 1910 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Adelaide: Rodney Heath wins his 2nd and last Australasian title; beats fellow Australian Horace Rice 6-4, 6-3, 6-2
    • 1911 1st International Women's Day sees over 1 million men and women attend rallies in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. Issues discussed included women's right to vote and to hold public office, the right to work, to vocational training and an end to discrimination on the job.
    • 1914 Stanley Cup, Arena Gardens, Toronto ON: Toronto HC (NHA) defeat Victoria Aristocrats (PCHA), 2-1 for a 3-0 series sweep; final series of the "challenge" era
    • 1915 Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
    • 1917 US Supreme Court uphoelds 8-hr work day for railroad employees
    • 1918 US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time
    • 1918 S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
    • 1920 US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
    • 1921 Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded
    • 1927 Bloody battles between communists & nazis in Berlin
    • 1928 "Amos & Andy" debuts on radio (NBC Blue Network-WMAQ Chicago)
    • 1930 Nakagawa Soen accepted as a student of Katsube Keigaku Roshi
    • 1931 Nevada legalizes gambling
    • 1932 The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened
    • 1937 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
    • 1937 Astronomer Fritz Zwicky publishes his research on stellar explosion in which he coins the term "supernova" and hypothesizes that they were the origin of cosmic rays
    • 1937 96th Grand National: With King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in attendance, aptly-named Royal Mail ridden by jockey Evan Williams wins at odds of 100/6; estimated crowd, 300,000
    • 1938 Toronto Maple Leafs score 8 goals in 5 minutes
    • 1940 Failed British air raid on German base at Sylt
    • 1941 Jimmy Dorsey & orchestra record "Green Eyes" & "Maria Elena"
    • 1942 Thoroughbred Racing Association of US formed in Chicago
    • 1943 Airship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks
    • 1943 British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
    • 1943 Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard
    • 1944 Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
    • 1945 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan
    • 1945 British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
    • 1945 US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
    • 1946 French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique & Reunion become overseas "departments" of France
    • 1946 Nikolai Mikhailovich Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR
    • 1947 Belgian government of Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms
    • 1948 Lee Savold KOs Gino Buonvino in 54 seconds at Madison Square Garden, NYC
    • 1949 1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
    • 1950 City College of NY defeats Bradley to win the NIT
    • 1951 Herman Wouk's "Caine Mutiny" published
    • 1954 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in Madison Square Garden, NYC
    • 1954 1st rocket-driven sled on rails tested in Alamogordo, NM
    • 1954 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
    • 1954 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
    • 1954 Weekes, Worrell & Walcott complete centuries in innings for the West Indies v England
    • 1955 17th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: SF beats La Salle 77-63
    • 1956 Biggest NBA margin of victory - Minn Lakers-133, St Louis Hawks-75
    • 1957 Indians reject Boston's offer of $1 million for Herb Score
    • 1958 Gary Sobers completes a century in each innings for WI vs. Pakistan
    • 1959 "1st Impressions" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 84 performances
    • 1960 "Redhead" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 455 performances
    • 1960 22nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Ohio State beats California 75-55
    • 1962 "All American" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 80 performances
    • 1962 Archbishop Suenens of Mechelen-Brussels appointed cardinal
    • 1965 Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies
    • 1965 Rembrandt's "Titus" sells for then record 7,770,000 guilders
    • 1965 Stoica becomes president & Ceausescu party leader of Romania
    • 1965 The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000, said to have been most powerful Confederate cruiser, discovered by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence exactly 102 years after its destruction.
    • 1966 "Poussé Cafe" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 3 performances
    • 1966 28th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Texas Western beats Ky 72-65
    • 1966 Belgium government of Vanden Boeynants begins
    • 1967 French Somaliland (Djibouti) votes to continue association with France
    • 1968 Howard University, Washington, D.C., students seize administration building
    • 1969 British invade Anguilla
    • 1969 Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention
    • 1969 The 385 metre tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, United Kingdom, collapses due to ice build- up.
    • 1970 W German chancellor & E German premier meet
    • 1971 Philadelphia 76ers outscore Cincinnati Royals 90-8 in 1 half
    • 1972 1st AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Immaculata beats West Chester State 52-48 in Normal
    • 1972 "To Live Another Summer" closes at Helen Hayes NYC after 173 performances
    • 1972 India & Bangladesh sign friendship treaty
    • 1972 LA Lakers beat Golden State Warriors, 162-99, by then record 63 pts
    • 1973 Dean tells Nixon, "There is a cancer growing on the Presidency"
    • 1974 Jefferson Starship begins their 1st tour
    • 1975 "Dr Jazz" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 5 performances
    • 1975 Pennsylvania is 1st state to allow girls to compete with boys in HS sports
    • 1977 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
    • 1977 Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.33)
    • 1978 50,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against neutron bomb
    • 1978 PGA Tournament Players Championship, Sawgrass CC: Jack Nicklaus wins his 3rd TPC title, 1 stroke ahead of Lou Graham; 4th straight start for Nicklaus that ends with a top-2 finish
    • 1979 US House of Representatives begins live TV broadcasts via C-SPAN
    • 1981 -21] Emmy 8th Daytime Awards - Susan Lucci loses for 2nd time
    • 1981 2 workers killed in space shuttle Columbia accident
    • 1981 Buffalo Sabres beat Toronto Maple Leafs 14-4
    • 1982 National Guard jet tanker crashes killing 27
    • 1982 Falklands War: Argentinian forces land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war with the U.K.
    • 1984 John J O'Connor named 8th archbishop of New York
    • 1984 KSD-AM in St Louis MO changes call letters to KUSA
    • 1984 Mobil oil tanker spills 200,000 gallons into Columbia River
    • 1984 MLB Pitcher Denny McLain indicted on charges of racketeering
    • 1984 STS 41-C vehicle moves to launch pad
    • 1985 "Spin Magazine" begins publishing
    • 1985 NSW wins cricket Sheffield Shield by beating Queensland by 1 wicket
    • 1985 US Senate votes 55-45 to authorize production of the MX "Peacekeeper" intercontinental ballistic missile
    • 1987 Fred Currey acquires Greyhound Bus Company
    • 1987 Hassanali inaugurated as president of Trinidad & Tobago
    • 1987 American televangelist Jim Bakker resigns amid rape accusation by his secretary, Jessica Hahn
    • 1987 Yvonne van Gennip skates ladies world record 3 km (4:16.85)
    • 1988 2 British soldiers lynched in Belfast, North Ireland
    • 1988 Yvonne van Gennip skates un-official world record 10 km (15:25.25)
    • 1989 Boeing V-22 Osprey VTOL aircraft makes maiden flight
    • 1989 Ice Dance Championship at Paris won by M Klimova & S Ponomarenko (USSR)
    • 1989 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by E Gordeeva & S Grinkov (USSR)
    • 1989 Lori Garbacz wins Circle K LPGA Golf Open Tucson
    • 1989 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Kurt Browning (CAN)
    • 1989 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Midori Ito (Japan)
    • 1989 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Tom Kite wins the title in gusty conditions, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Chip Beck
    • 1990 1st world ice hockey tournament for women held (Ottawa)
    • 1991 KC Royals announce they are putting Bo Jackson on waivers
    • 1991 Sacramento Kings set NBA record of 29 consecutive road loses
    • 1991 Gorbachev says the Soviet Union will cut its oil exports by nearly half
    • 1992 "Master Builder" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 45 performances
    • 1992 Britain's Prince Andrew & Sarah, Duchess of York, announce separation
    • 1993 Ice Dance Championship in Prague won by M Usova & A Zhulin (RUS)
    • 1993 Ice Pairs Championship in Prague won by I Brasseur & L Eisler (CAN)
    • 1993 US Supreme Court Justice Byron R White announced plans to retire
    • 1994 2,500 kilograms of cocaine intercepted in Zeewolde, Netherlands
    • 1994 Lara scores 167 for WI v England at Georgetown
    • 1994 Largest omelette (1,383sq ft) made with 160,000 eggs in Yokohama, Japan
    • 1994 NJ Devils club record 41st win of the season
    • 1995 "Translations" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 25 performances
    • 1995 "Uncle Vanya" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 29 performances
    • 1995 5 die by poison gas in Japanese subway
    • 1995 Arizona outside of Phoenix begins using new telephone area code 520
    • 1995 Bonnie Blair skates female world record point total (156.450)
    • 1995 Finnish Social Democratic Party wins parliamentary election
    • 1995 Laura Davis wins LPGA Standard Register PING Golf Tournament
    • 1995 NBA NY Knicks beat NY Nets in 100th meeting (Knicks 53 Nets 47)
    • 1995 Neil Marshall skates world record 3 km (3:54.08)
    • 1997 Ice Pairs won by Mandy Woetzel & Ingo Steuer (GER)
    • 1997 Major League Baseball announces 5 year/$50M deal with Pepsi
    • 1997 US Supreme Court hears Internet indecency arguments
    • 1998 "Ah Wilderness!" opens at Vivian Beaumont theater
    • 2001 The Bank of Japan issued a monetary policy known as quantitative easing, which stimulated the Japanese economy after the burst of the dot-com bubble.
    • 2002 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities
    • 2004 A truck and a bus crash head-on in Äänekoski, Finland. 24 people are killed and 13 injured.
    • 2004 A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Russian MiG-15 in the 1950s is finally recovered after years of work. The remains of the crew are left in place, pending further investigations.
    • 2004 Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country's presidential election on March 20.
    • 2005 Wales beats Scotland, 32-20 at Millennium Stadium, Cardiff to win Six Nations Rugby Championship; becomes first team ever to complete a Grand Slam playing more games away than at home
    • 2008 GRB 080319B: A cosmic burst that is the farthest object visible to the naked eye is briefly observed
    • 2011 Despite a final round 24-8 defeat to Ireland at the new Aviva Stadium in Dublin, England wins the Six Nations Rugby Championship courtesy of their opening 4 straight victories
    • 2012 Wendy's overtakes Burger King to become the second best-selling hamburger chain
    • 2013 27 people are killed and 14 are injured in a bus crash in Maharashtra, India
    • 2013 16 people are killed by mudslides in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    • 2013 NASA's Mars rover Curiosity discovers further evidence of water-bearing minerals
    • 2014 Russia captures the Ukrainian naval base in Sevastopol
    • 2014 Israel sends airforce against Syrian military units involved in an attack yesterday on an Israeli patrol in the Golan Heights
    • 2016 England beats France 31-21 at Stade de France, Paris to claim Six Nations Rugby Championship; secure their first Grand Slam since 2003; Owen Farrell with 7 goals, England's 2nd-highest points scorer behind Jonny Wilkinson